Introduction to Canadian Law

The resources on this page provide an audiovisual introduction to the legal structure of Canada.


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Canada/Federal

Canada's parliamentary system is open and democratic. It offers the opportunity for people to give their input and it is designed to make sure proposals for laws are carefully considered. Canada's Parliament consists of three parts: the Queen, the Senate and the House of Commons. They work together to make the laws for our country. This guide provides an overview of the following topics: The Canadian Parliament, Who's Who in the House, A Working Day in the Commons Chamber, Parliamentary Highlights, Making Canada's Laws,The Role of a Member of Parliament, and Being Part of Parliament.
Related legal topic(s): Classroom materials, Legislative materials

The following guide will explain the process by which a typical government initiated bill becomes law. This guide provides an overview of the Federal Legislative Process. To beome law, a bill must first be introduced in either the Senate or the House of Commons. It must then pass through various stages in each House: first, second and third reading. Then it must receive Royal Assent.
Related legal topic(s): Classroom materials, Legislative materials

In Canada's Parliament, bills may originate in eith of its two houses - the Senate and the House of Commons. Most legislation begins in the House of Commons. Regardless of where a bill originates, it must be passed by both houses in identical form before it can receiv Royal Assent and become law. This guide provides an overview of the process of how a Senate Bill goes through Parliament.

Related legal topic(s): Classroom materials, Legislative materials